Sun Joo Kim - Harvard-Yenching Professor of Korean History, Harvard University
This presentation discusses the relationship between human emotions and slavery in Chosŏn Korea (1392–1910) by examining legislative processes as well as private practices concerning the status of the offspring of a yangban man and his slave-status concubine. The legislative discussions and decisions on the topic at the royal court often subscribed to the notion that these children were also the yangban’s “flesh and blood” and called for compassion, a Confucian emotional norm expected of parents. When yangban fathers manumitted their slave-status children, they recorded their feelings in the same affective language expressed in the legal discourses. Yet, because slaves were among the yangban’s most valuable possessions and yangban elites regarded the maintenance of social hierarchy as the key for social order, legal paths for manumission were narrowly defined and emotional norms did not always dictate parents’ actions. By investigating the larger legal framework related to slave-status children of yangban elites alongside specific cases, this study seeks to provide a deeper understanding of the historical impact and practices of emotional politics in relation to slavery. It finds that the yangban fathers’ very primordial human emotion toward their own children was stratified by social and economic conditions and selectively applied.
Sun Joo Kim is Harvard-Yenching Professor of Korean History in the Department of East Asian Languages and Civilizations at Harvard University. She has a broad range of research interests in social and cultural history of Chosŏn Korea (1392–1910) including regional history of the northern part of Korea, regional identity, popular movements, historical memory, everyday lives of people, history of emotions, law and society, and art history. She is also devoted to making underused yet enlightening primary sources available in English through conventional as well as digital publishing. She has authored and edited several books and her research articles have appeared in a number of peer-reviewed journals. She has received a number of fellowships, most notably two Korea Foundation Advanced Research Grants (2003–4 and 2006–7), an American Council of Learned Societies (ACLS) Collaborative Research Fellowship (2009–11), and a Walter Channing Cabot Fellow at Harvard University (2014). She was a Professeure invitée (Invited Professor) at École des hautes études en sciences sociales in France (2016) and is currently a member of the Association for Asian Studies Northeast Asia Council (NEAC) Distinguished Speakers Bureau.